BENEFITS OF MINERALS EXPLAINED | CALCIUM, IRON

Important Minerals in Human Diet and Their Roles in Body

Check Important minerals you need and the foods that contain them.

Calcium(Ca)

Sources: Milk,Cereals, Cheese, Green, Vegetables, Fish, Egg, Meat etcSignificance: Main component for formation of teeth and bones, blood clotting, function of nerves and muscles.Effects of deficiency : Weak teeth and bones, retarded body growth, children suffered by Rickets.

Phosphorus(P)

Sources: Vegetables, Soybean, Milk, Egg, Fish, Meat etc.Significance: Required for formation of teeth and bones,Synthesis of Nucleic acids.Effects of deficiency : Weak teeth and bones;retarded body growth and physiology, children suffered by Rickets.

Sulphur(S)

Sources: Many proteins of food.Significance: Component of many amino acids.Effects of deficiency : Distributed protein metabolism.

Potassium(K)

Sources: Meat, milk, cereals, fruits and vegetablesSignificance: Required for acid-base balance, water regulation and function of nerves.Effects of deficiency : Low blood pressure, weak muscles;risk of paralysis.

Chlorine(Cl)

Sources: Table saltSignificance: Required for acid base balance;component of gastric juice.Effects of deficiency : Loss of appetite;muscles cramps.

Magnesium(Mg)

Sources: Cereals, green vegetablesSignificance: Co-factor of many enzymes of glycolysis and a number of another metabolic reactions dependent upon ATP.Effects of deficiency : Irregular heart beat, muscles pain, hysteria.

Iron(Fe)

Sources: Meat, Eggs, Cereals, Green Vegetables, Pulses, Fruits, Fish etc.Significance: Main component of hemoglobin.Effects of deficiency : Anemia, weakness and weak immunity.

Iodine(I)

Sources: Milk, Cheese, Sea Food, Beat, SalgamSignificance: Important component of Thyroxine hormone and Thyroid Gland.Effects of deficiency : Goiter, Cretinism.

Sodium(Na)

Sources: Salt, Vegetables, Fish, Eggs, Meat etc.Significance: Control function of Heart, Muscles and Nerves.Effects of deficiency : Destroy Muscles, Weight Loss, Tiredness.

Micro Elements

Fluorine(F)

Sources: Drinking water, tea, sea foodSignificance: Maintenance of bones and teeth.Effects of deficiency : Weak teeth, larger amount causes mottling of teeth.

Zinc(Zn)

Sources: Cereals, Milk, eggs, meat, sea foodSignificance: Co-factor of digestive and many other enzymes.Effects of deficiency : Retarded growth, anaemia, rough skin, weak immunity and fertility.

Copper(Cu)

Sources: Meat, dry fruits, pods, green vegetables, sea food.Significance: Co-factor of cytochrome oxidase enzyme. Necessary for iron metabolism and development of blood vessels and connective tissues.Effects of deficiency : Anaemia, weak blood vessels and connective tissues.

Manganese(MN)

Sources: Dry fruits, cereals, tea fruits and green vegetables.Significance: Co-factor of some enzymes of urea synthesis and transfer of phosphate group.Effects of deficiency : Irregular growth of bones, cartilages and connective tissues.

Cobalt(Co)

Sources: Milk, cheese, meat.Significance: Important component of Vitamin B12.Effects of deficiency : Anaemia

Selenium(SE)

Sources: Meat, cereals, sea foodSignificance: Co-factor of many enzymes;assists Vitamin E.Effects of deficiency : Muscular pain;weakness of cardiac muscles.

Chromium(CR)

Sources:Yeast, sea food, meat, some vegetablesSignificance: Important for catabolic metabolism.Effects of deficiency : Irregularities of catabolic metabolism and ATP production.

Molybdenum(MO)

Sources: Cereals, pods, some vegetablesSignificance: Co-factor of some enzymes.Effects of deficiency : Irregular excretion of nitrogenous waste products.