Bilberry Health Benefits and Side Effects

Common and Biological name of Bilberry

Bilberry “Huckleberry”“European blueberry”

◆ Related to blueberry

◆ Berries or dried leavesare medicinal

◆ Used for 1000 years in European folk medicines, especially for scurvyand diarrhea

Bilberry Health Benefits

Contains anthocyanosides (type of flavinoid):

↑microcirculation,antioxidant, platelet inhibitor,anti-inflammatory, ↓capillary 

fragility, preserves endothelium

Atherosclerosis Peripheral vascular disease

Diabetes mellitus

Peptic ulcer disease

Diarrhea

Cataracts and glaucoma

Retinopathy

4 studies showed no benefit for nightvision

1 study showed possible antiproliferative effects on colon cancer cells

Not enough scientific evidence for other indications

Bilberry Side Effects

ADR:

↓BP

↓ or↑ blood sugar

Diarrhea, nausea

Hepatotoxicity

Bleeding

Drug interactions:anticoagulants→↑bleeding antidiabetic agents-↑↓ blood sugar

antihypertensives→↓BPestrogen-may↓absorption

Avoid in allergy to blueberries or same family of berries

Avoid in pregnancy and lactation