Know About various Vitamins and also check list of food to get them. For general knowledge you must know the Source of Vitamin and Deficiency Diseases caused.
Vitamin A (Chemical Name: Retinol)Vitamin A plays an important role in bone growth, tooth development, reproduction, cell division, gene expression, and regulation of the immune system. The skin, eyes, and mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, throat and lungs depend on vitamin A to remain moist. Vitamin A is also an important antioxidant that may play a role in the prevention of certain cancers.Source: liver, cod liver oil, carrot, broccoli, sweet potato, butter, kale, spinach, pumpkin, collard greens, some cheeses, egg, apricot, cantaloupe melon, milk.Deficiency Disease: Night blindness and keratomalacia (eye disorder that results in a dry cornea)Vitamin B1 (Chemical Name: Thiamine)Source: Sources include peas, pork, liver, and legumes. Most commonly, thiamin is found in whole grains and fortified grain products such as cereal, and enriched products like bread, pasta, rice, and tortillas.Deficiency Disease: Beri-Beri, Wernicke-KorsakoffsyndromeVitamin B2 (Chemical Name: Riboflavin)Source: Sources include liver, eggs, dark green vegetables, legumes, whole and enriched grain products, and milk. Ultraviolet light is known to destroy riboflavin, which is why most milk is packaged in opaque containers instead of clear.Deficiency Disease: Cheilosis, ariboflavinosisVitamin B3 (Chemical Name: Niacin)Source: Sources include liver, fish, poultry, meat, peanuts, whole and enriched grain products.Deficiency Disease: PellagraVitamin B5 (Chemical Name: Pantothenic Acid)Source: meats, whole grains (milling may remove it), broccoli, avocados, royal jelly, fish ovaries.Deficiency Disease: ParesthesiaVitamin B6 (Chemical Name: Pyridoxine)Source: meats, bananas, whole grains, vegetables, and nuts. When milk is dried it loses about half of its B6. Freezing and canning can also reduce content.Deficiency Disease: anemia, peripheral neuropathyVitamin B7 (Chemical Name: Biotin)Source: egg yolk, liver, some vegetablesDeficiency Disease: dermatitis, enteritisVitamin B9 (Chemical Name: Folic Acid)Source: Sources of folate include liver, kidney, dark green leafy vegetables, meats, fish, whole grains, fortified grains and cereals, legumes, and citrus fruits. Not all whole grain products are fortified with folate.Deficiency Disease: pregnancy deficiency linked to birth defectsVitamin B12 (Chemical Name: Cynacobalamin)Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, aids in the building of genetic material, production of normal red blood cells, and maintenance of the nervous system.Source: Vitamin B12 can only be found only in foods of animal origin such as meats, liver, kidney, fish, eggs, milk and milk products, oysters, shellfish. Some fortified foods may contain vitamin B12.Deficiency Disease: megaloblastic anemia