Top 10 facts about Humpback Whales

The humpback whale is a species of baleen whale which is identified from other types of the whale because of their large flippers and the hump on their backs.

Humpback whales vary in colour from a grey to black colour and have white markings on their underside. These white markings are like fingerprints, allowing researchers to identify individuals. Humpback whales are known for the songs that they sing in the world’s oceans.

These moans, howls and cries are what they use to communicate with others to attract potential mates and they continue for hours on end. Humpback whales are found in oceans all across the world and they can often be seen in shallow water.

Often these whales live and travel together in pods upwards of 20,000 whales.

Humpback whales are often found feeding on tiny shrimp-like krill, plankton, and other small fish. They tend to migrate annually from summer feeding grounds near the poles to warmer winter breeding waters closer to the Equator.

When they swim, mothers and they’re young keep close together, often touching one another with their flippers as gestures of affection.

They are powerful swimmers, and they use their massive tail fin, called flukes, to propel themselves through the water and sometimes completely out of it.

Humpback whales are often seen leaping from the water and landing with a tremendous splash. It is uncertain whether they are doing it just for fun or whether they are cleaning pests from their skin. Humpback whales breathe voluntarily, unlike human beings. Since they have to remember to breathe, researchers believe humpback whales sleep by shutting off half of their brain at a time.

Humpback whales are endangered species and it is believed that there are only 30-40000 of them left or approximately 30% of their original population.