Top 10 Facts About Stingrays

Stingrays are cartilaginous fishes from the suborder Myliobatoidei of the order Myliobatiformes.

They are closely related to sharks. There are eight different types of a stingray. Butterfly rays, Eagle rays, Sixgill stingrays, stingarees, round rays, whiptail stingrays, and river stingrays Stingrays are nocturnal flatfish that are found in temperate, shallow seas and oceans around the world.

Stingrays spend their time mostly hiding in the sand.

Stingrays have flat bodies which are supported by cartilage rather than bones. They have pectoral fins which are joined to their head and trunk with a tail that traeakhabaar behind them. The colouration of the stingray camouflages into the ocean floor to protect it from predators such as larger rays and sharks. The eyes of the stingray look out from their dorsal ride, it’s nostreakhabaar, gil slits and mouth are located on its underbelly.

Stingrays don’t hunt for predators using their eyes, they have electrical sensors called ampullae of Lorenzini. They are found around the stingray’s mouth and sense the natural electrical charges of potential prey. Stingrays then eat their prey with their jaw teeth Stingrays swim by undulating their bodies or by flapping their sides like wings. They can also use their tail to steer themselves.

On their tail, most stingrays have a barbed stinger which is used for self-defence.

The stinger has a reach length of around 35 cm which is around 14 inches, and on the underside of its tail are two grooves with venom glands.

The barbed stinger of a stingray can be unleashed to defend themselves. It has serrated edges and a sharp point and the underside can produce venom. Contact with the stinger can cause local trauma from the cut, as well as swelling, pain, muscle cramps, and possible infection later. It causes painful injury but is not life threatening unless it pierces a vital area. When it strikes the body, the barb will usually break off in the wound.

Stingrays are not aggressive to humans and have a natural reaction to flee from disturbances. In order to mate with a female, male stingrays will follow them closely and hit her pectoral disc. They will then place one of their two claspers into her valve. Stingrays will bear live young in “litters” of 5 to 13.

Stingrays are relatively widespread and not currently threatened, although there are some species where the conservation status is more problematic, leading to them being listed as vulnerable or endangered by IUCN.