# Read MCQ Questions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 4 Motion in a Plane with Answers

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## Motion in a Plane Class 11 MCQs Questions with Answers

Multiple Choice Questions

Question 1.

Three vectors A, B and C satisfy the relation A.B = 0 and A.C = 0. The vector A is parallel to

(a) B

(b) C

(c) B × c

(d) B.C

Question 2.

What is the minimum number of unequal forces whose resultant will be zero?

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

Question 3.

A body travelling in a circular path at uniform speed has :

(a) constant velocity

(b) tangential acceleration

(c) inward acceleration

(d) outward acceleration

Question 4.

When a disc containing mercury and water is rotated rapidly about a vertical axis, then the outermost place in the disc will be taken by:

(a) water

(b) mercury

(c) sometimes water and sometimes mercury

(d) none of these.

Question 5.

The resultant of two forces P and Q is R. If one of the forces is reversed in direction, then the resultant becomes S. Then for the identity R² + S² = 2(P² + Q²) to hold good

(a) The forces are collinear

(b) The forces act as right angles to each other

(c) The forces are inclined at 45° to each other

(d) The forces can have any angle of inclination between them

Answer: (d) The forces can have any angle of inclination between them

Question 6.

A bus is moving on a straight road towards north with a uniform speed of 50 kmh-1 when it turns left through 90°. If the speed remains unchanged after turning, the increase in the velocity of the bus in the turning process is :

(a) zero

(b) 50 kmh-1

(c) 70.7 kmh-1 along south-west direction

(d) 70.7 lcmh-1 along north-west direction

Answer: (c) 70.7 kmh-1 along south-west direction

Question 7.

Two bullets are fired simultaneously horizontally and with different speeds from the same place. Which bullet will hit the ground first?

(a) The slower one

(b) The faster one

(c) Both will reach simultaneously

(d) Depends on the masses

Answer: (c) Both will reach simultaneously

Question 8.

A particle is acted upon by a force of constant magnitude, which is always perpendicular to the velocity of the particle. The motion of the particle takes place in a plane. It follows that:

(a) its velocity is constant

(b) its acceleration is constant

(c) its kinetic energy is constant

(d) it moves in a circular path

Question 9.

The muzzle speed of a certain rifle is 330 ms-1. At the end of one second, a bullet fired straight up into the air will travel a distance of:

(a) 330 m

(b) (330 – 4.9) m

(c) (330 – 9.8) m

(d) (330 + 4.9) m

Answer: (b) (330 – 4.9) m

Question 10.

If a body A of mass M is thrown with velocity v at angle of 30° to the horizontal and another body B of the same mass is thrown with the same speed at an angle of 60° to the horizontal, the ratio of the horizontal ranges of A and B will be

(a) 1 : 3

(b) 1 : 1

(c) √3 : 1

(c) 1 : √3

Question 11.

One body is dropped while a second body is thrown downwards with an initial velocity of 1 ms-1 simultaneously. The separation between these is 18 m after a time

(a) 4.5 s

(b) 9 s

(c) 18 s

(d) 36 s

Question 12.

A boat which has the speed of 5 kmh-1 still water crosses a river of width 1 km along the shortest possible path in 15 minutes. The velocity of the river water is

(a) 3 kmh-1

(b) 4 kmh-1

(c) (sqrt 41) kmh-1

(d) 1 kmh-1

Question 13.

Which of the following vectors is perpendicular to (hat i) Pcos 9 +

(a) (hat i) Pcos θ + (hat j) Qsin θ

(b) (hat i) Qcos θ – (hat j) Psin θ

(c) (hat i) Psin θ + (hat j) Qcos θ

(d) (hat i) Qsin θ – (hat j)Pcos θ

Answer: (d) (hat i) Qsin θ – (hat j)Pcos θ

Question 14.

Which of the following operations between the two vectors can yield a vector perpendicular to either of them

(b) subtraction

(c) multiplication

(d) division

Question 15.

Which of the following is the essential characteristic of a projectile?

(a) Zero velocity at the highest point

(b) Initial velocity inclined to the horizontal

(c) Constant acceleration perpendicular to the velocity

(d) None of these

Question 16.

A projectile is projected with a linear momentum p making angle θ with the horizontal. The change in momentum of the projectile on return to the ground will be

(a) 2p

(b) 2p sin θ

(c) 2p tan θ

(d) 2p cos θ

Question 17.

A ball is projected from the top of a tower at an angle of 60° with the vertical. What happens to the vertical component of its velocity?

(a) increases continuously

(b) decreases continuously

(c) remains unchanged

(d) first decreases and then increases

Answer: (d) first decreases and then increases

Question 18.

A wheel is subjected to uniform angular acceleration about its axis. Initially its angular velocity is zero. In the first two seconds, it rotates through angle θ1. In the next two seconds, it rotates through angle θ2. What is the ratio (frac θ_2θ_1)

(a) 1

(b) 2

(c) 3

(d) 4

Question 19.

Which of the following remains constant for a projectile fired from the Earth?

(a) kinetic energy

(b) momentum

(c) horizontal component of velocity

(d) vertical component of velocity

Answer: (c) horizontal component of velocity

Question 20.

Which of the following is the largest, when the height attained by the projectile is the greatest?

(a) range

(b) time of flight (T)

(c) angle of projectile with

(d) none of these the vertical

Answer: (b) time of flight (T)

Question 21.

The angle between (hat P) and (hat Q) is θ. What is |(hat P)×(hat Q)|?

(a) sin θ

(b) PQ sin θ

(c) PQ

(d) PQ cos θ

Question 22.

There are N coplanar vectors each of magnitude V. Each vector is inclined to the preceeding vector at angle(frac 2πN). What is the

magnitude of their resultant?

(a) NV

(b) V

(c) (frac VN)

(d) Zero

Question 23.

Out of the following which is not a scalar quantity?

(a) Time

(b) Volume

(c) Density

(d) Momentum

Question 24.

A particle is moving eastward with a velocity of 5 ms-1. In 10 seconds, the velocity changes to 5 ms-1 northward. The average acceleration in this time is

(a) zero

(b) (frac 1√2) ms-2 towards north

(c) (frac 1√2) ms-2 towards north-east

(d) (frac 1√2) ms-2 towards north-west

Answer: (d) (frac 1√2) ms-2 towards north-west

Question 25.

The following forces are acting on a particle

(i) (2(hat i) + 3(hat j) – 2(hat k)) N

(ii) (3(hat i) + (hat j) – 3(hat k))N

(iii) (-5(hat i) – 2(hat j) + (hat k))N

the particle will move in

(a) x-y plane

(b) x-z plane

(c) y-z plane

(d) aong x-axis

Fill in the blanks

Question 1

……………. is the maximum number of rectangular components into which a vector can be split in its own plane.

Question 2.

If (vec A).(vec B) = AB, then …………….. is the angle between (vec A) and (vec B).

Question 3.

If (vec A)×(vec B) = AB, then …………….. is the angle between (vec A) and (vec B).

Question 4.

When a ball is projected upwards, then its acceleration at the highest point is equal to …………….. and is directed ……………..

Answer: acceleration due to gravity, downward.

Question 5.

The horizontal range of the projectile is maximum when the angle of projection is ……………..

Question 6.

…………….. should be the angle of projection so that the horizontal range is equal to the maximum height.

Question 7.

A particle covers equal distances around a circular path in equal intervals of time. It has uniform non zero rate of change of ……………..

Question 8.

…………….. is the angle between instantaneous velocity and acceleration for a particle moving along a circular path with uniform speed.

Question 9.

Linear velocity, momentum and centripetal acceleration have their magnitude unchanged during circular motion but their …………….. changes from point to point.

Question 10.

Time of ascent and time of descent are always …………….. for a projectile fixed at some angle with the horizontal.

True/False Type Questions

Question 1.

The radial component of acceleration of a particle in circular motion is given by (frac v^2r) (in magnitude) even when the speed v is not constant.

Question 2.

The unit vectors (hat i) and (hat j) along X and Y axis change with time.

Question 3.

If A.B = A.C then B = C.

Question 4.

Area is a scalar quantity.

Question 5.

Moment of inertia of body about an axis is a vector quantity.

Question 6.

The resultant of two coplanar vectors is also a coplanar vector.

Question 7.

A null vector has not direction.

Question 8.

The resultant of two vectors obtained by using triangle law and parallelogram law of vector addition will be different.

Question 9.

The horizontal component of velocity changes with time.

Question 10.

The vertical component of velocity changes with time.

Question 11.

The range depends only on the angle of elevation.

Question 12.

The time of flight depends only on initial velocity.

Question 13.

The time of flight depends only on the vertical component of initial velocity.

Question 14.

Linear velocity is uniform when angular velocity is uniform.

Question 15.

Magnitude of acceleration is constant.

Question 16.

Acceleration is directed along the tangent to the circular path.

Question 17.

Linear velocity always acts tangentially.

In a projectile motion, the velocity vector of the projectile is:

Question 18.

always perpendicular to the acceleration.

Question 19.

never perpendicular to the acceleration.

Question 20.

perpendicular to the acceleration only once during its flight.

Question 21.

perpendicular to the acceleration two times during its flight.

A ball is rolled off aong the edge of a horizontal table with velocity 4 ms-1. It hits the ground after time 0.4 s.

Question 22.

The height of the table is 0.8 m.

Question 23.

It hits the ground at angle of 60° with the vertical.

Question 24.

It hits the ground with a vertical velocity 4 ms-1.

Question 25.

It covers a horizontal distance 1.6 m from the table.

Question 26.

A particle covers equal distances around a circular path in equal intervals of time. It has uniform non-zero rate of change of angular displacement.

Question 27.

The speed of the particle in part (a) remains constant with time.

Question 28.

A particle describing circular path of radius 10 m every 2s has average angular speed during 4s equal to π rad s-1.

Question 29.

Velocity determines the nature of the path followed by a particle.

Question 30.

Time of flight is the largest when the height attained by the projectile is the greatest.

Question 31.

Horizontal component of velocity of a projectile fired from the earth always remains constant.

Question 32.

Maximum height attained by the projectile is not affected by the mass of the projectile.

Question 33.

For maximum horizontal range R, the maximum height attained by the projectile is (frac R4)

For three forces to produce zero resultant.

Question 34.

They should be in the same plane.

Question 35.

They should act along the sides of a parallelogram.

Question 36.

The resultant of any two forces should be equal and opposite to the third force.

Question 37.

It should be possible to represent them by the three sides of a triangle taken in the same order.

Question 38.

The components of a vector may be less than its magnitude.

Question 39.

The components of a vector may be equal to its magnitude.

Question 40.

The unit vector has unit magnitude and acts in the direction of given vector.

Question 41.

Null vector acts in arbitrary.

Question 42.

If |A×B| = AB, then angle between A and B is zero.

Question 43.

For two vectors to be parallel to each other; the cross product is always zero.

Question 44.

For two vectors to be perpendicular to each other, the dot product is always zero.

Question 45.

The resultant of two vectors of same magnitude always bisects the angle between them.

Question 46.

The maximum number of rectangular components of a given vector into which it can be split in own plane is two.

Question 47.

The maximum number of rectangular components of a given vector into which it can be split in space is three.

Question 48.

If (vec A).(vec B) = AB, then angle between (vec A) and (vec B) is (frac π2).

Match Type Questions

 Column I Column II (a) Angular momentum (i) horizontal (b) Kinetic energy (ii) is perpendicular to the acceleration only once during its flight (c) The resultant of a number of coplanar forces acting at a point is (iii) vector quantity (d) The direction of motion of a projectile at the highest point of its trajectory is (iv) Scalar quantity (e) The velocity vector of the projectile in a projectile motion is (v) the single force that produces the same effect (f) An object is dropped through the window of a fast running train, then (vi) to a man standing near its track, the path of object must be a parabola (g) When milk is churned, cream separate out because of (vii) A² (h) A.A = (viii) 3 (i) Minimum number of unequal forces having zero resultant is (ix) centrifugal force (j) Acceleration of a body moving with constant speed in a circle is (x) rω²

 Column I Column II (a) Angular momentum (iii) vector quantity (b) Kinetic energy (iv) Scalar quantity (c) The resultant of a number of coplanar forces acting at a point is (v) the single force that produces the same effect (d) The direction of motion of a projectile at the highest point of its trajectory is (i) horizontal (e) The velocity vector of the projectile in a projectile motion is (ii) is perpendicular to the acceleration only once during its flight (f) An object is dropped through the window of a fast running train, then (vi) to a man standing near its track, the path of object must be a parabola (g) When milk is churned, cream separate out because of (ix) centrifugal force (h) A.A = (vii) A² (i) Minimum number of unequal forces having zero resultant is (viii) 3 (j) Acceleration of a body moving with constant speed in a circle is (x) rω²

 Column I Column II (a) Dot product of two vectors is zero (i) parallel vectors (b) The cross product of two vectors is zero (ii) perpendicular vectors (c) Null vector (iii) magnitude one (d) unit vector (iv) arbitrary direction

 Column I Column II (a) Dot product of two vectors is zero (ii) perpendicular vectors (b) The cross product of two vectors is zero (i) parallel vectors (c) Null vector (iv) arbitrary direction (d) unit vector (iii) magnitude one

 Column I Column II (a) Scalar (i) both magnitude and direction (b) Vectors (ii) magnitude only (c) Negative vectors (iii) having common initial point (d) Co-initial vectors (iv) have equal magnitude but act in the opposite directions

 Column I Column II (a) Scalar (ii) magnitude only (b) Vectors (i) both magnitude and direction (c) Negative vectors (iv) have equal magnitude but act in the opposite directions (d) Co-initial vectors (iii) having common initial point

 Column I Column II (a) Resultant of two vectors is maximum (i) scalar quantity (b) Resultant of two vectors is minimum (ii) vector quantity (c) Cross product (iii) 180° (d) Dot product (iv) 0°

 Column I Column II (a) Resultant of two vectors is maximum (iv) 0° (b) Resultant of two vectors is minimum (iii) 180° (c) Cross product (ii) vector quantity (d) Dot product (i) scalar quantity

 Column I Column II (a) Division of two vectors (i) zero (b) Equal magnitude and same direction (ii) algebriacally (c) Angle between two equal vectors (iii) not allowed (d) Vectors cannot be added or subtracted (iv) equal vectors

 Column I Column II (a) Division of two vectors (iii) not allowed (b) Equal magnitude and same direction (iv) equal vectors (c) Angle between two equal vectors (i) zero (d) Vectors cannot be added or subtracted (ii) algebriacally

 Column I Column II (a) Vertical component of velocity is zero (i) tangential to the circular path (b) Angle of projection for maximum horizontal range (ii) along the radius of circle and towards its centre (c) Linear velocity (iii) at the highest point of trajectory (d) Centripetal acceleration (iv) 45°

 Column I Column II (a) Vertical component of velocity is zero (iii) at the highest point of trajectory (b) Angle of projection for maximum horizontal range (iv) 45° (c) Linear velocity (i) tangential to the circular path (d) Centripetal acceleration (ii) along the radius of circle and towards its centre

 Column I Column II (a) A device used to separate light particles in suspen-sion from the more dense liquid (i) 0° (b) Angle of projection for a projectile thrown parallel to the horizontal (ii) 0 (c) Horizontal component of acceleration of a body thrown horizontally with uniform speed (ii) g (d) Vertical component of acceleration of a body thrown horizontally with uniform speed (iv) centrifuge

 Column I Column II (a) A device used to separate light particles in suspen-sion from the more dense liquid (iv) centrifuge (b) Angle of projection for a projectile thrown parallel to the horizontal (i) 0° (c) Horizontal component of acceleration of a body thrown horizontally with uniform speed (ii) 0 (d) Vertical component of acceleration of a body thrown horizontally with uniform speed (ii) g

 Column I Column II (a) Three vectors having zero resultant must be (i) bisects the angle between them (b) Resultant of two equal vectors acting perpendicular to each other (ii) co-planer (c) A×B acts in a direction (iii) perpendicular to the plane of A and B