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Cancer has become one of the main reasons behind the death of millions. That’s why a lot of research is carried out to find the best therapies in cancer hospitals in Kolkata.

Cancer is seen as a deadly disease worldwide. It’s important to know the framework of the disease before formulating the proper intervention. So many new therapies and innovative approaches have been discovered over time to limit the progress of the disease. 

Benign tumours do not invade other body parts and do not exhibit the property of contact inhibition. On the contrary, malignant ones invade other parts and divide rapidly as well. 

When cancer progresses, the tumour cells change their characteristics spontaneously and respond differently to the same therapy. That’s why it is important to shift our focus to learn the new challenges and innovative approaches for cancer treatment.

You should know the techniques that are performed in cancer treatment hospitals in Kolkata at present:

  1.   Nanoparticles
  2.   EVs (Extracellular Vesicles for cancer diagnosis and therapy)
  3. Natural antioxidants
  4. Targeted therapy and immunotherapy
  5. Gene therapy

1. Nanoparticles

The name itself suggests that small-sized particles are used to treat the cancerous area. Nanoparticles are used to target cancerous cells because they are highly stable, possess better bioavailability and biocompatibility. They can easily penetrate and hit the target cells. 

Nanoparticles are quite advantageous as compared to any other conventional therapy. Gold nanoparticles have caught attention because of their low toxicity and better electrical properties. They are mainly used in CT (computed tomography) and X-ray imaging. 

Advantages

-High stability.

-Better bioavailability.

-Good biocompatibility.

Disadvantages

-Depends on the particular nanoparticle.

  1. Extracellular Vesicles For Cancer Diagnosis And Therapy

One of the major concerns and struggles is to deal with the early detection of cancer biomarkers by non-invasive procedures. Generally, this is where the procedure helps. 

In the past few years, it has been studied that analysing and detecting the exact properties of exosomes can help in providing proper treatment. This technique particularly helps to study the effect of the therapy and witness the progress of the disease.

Advantages

-High compatibility.

-Good molecular characterisation.

-Physiologically secreted.

Disadvantages

-Lack of preclinical procedures for isolation and storage.

  1. Natural Antioxidants

Hopefully, most people are already acquainted with the term ‘antioxidants’ and their function. Antioxidants prevent cellular damage to a great extent by dealing with the free articles. A cancer patient is highly recommended to take natural antioxidants in their diet.

There are so many cancer hospitals in Kolkata that appreciate this innovative approach. 

Advantages

-Available in large quantities.

Disadvantages

-Toxicity suspected.

-Less bioavailability.

  1. Targeted Therapy And Immunotherapy 

Well, both of them are quite popular and advanced types of therapies. Targeted therapy mainly assists in inhibiting the molecular pathways to inhibit tumour growth. Whereas immunotherapy assists in tumour cells destruction. 

Advantages

-High specificity.

-Limited adverse reaction.

Disadvantages

-Evident of long-term side effects.

  1. Gene Therapy

Gene therapy is mainly of two types: in vivo and ex vivo. In vivo technique is a less invasive procedure in which the therapeutic gene is directly introduced in the host’s body. 

On the other hand, in ex vivo, cells are removed from the patient and then cultured with the therapeutic gene. Lastly, the modified cells are injected back. This particular technique is practised in several cancer treatment hospitals in Kolkata.

Advantages

-Achieving pharmacological effects.

-Potential to eliminate hereditary diseases.

Disadvantages

-Severe side effects.

Conclusion

Never take cancer for granted. Visit https://www.ilshospitals.com/, the best cancer hospital in Kolkata, to receive the top treatments from the best physicians and surgeons.

Full details of Innovative Approaches & New Challenges For Cancer Treatment on our website.

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