Prostate Cancer Types, Signs and Symptoms, Treatment

From the last decade, the cases of prostate cancer have been increasing among men. So, millions of males report this type of cancer every year. Although, Prostate Cancer is a common type of cancer in males and it begins in the prostate gland that is present between the penis and the bladder yet it has the best chance for successful treatment if it is found at an earlier stage. If you are diagnosed with Prostate Cancer, you must consult Cancer Specialist in Chandigarh so that you may get effective treatment for your disease. Dr. Ashwani Kumar Sachdeva is the most respected and Experienced Cancer Surgeon in Chandiarh.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the prostate gland and these cancer cells start to grow out of control. It is a small walnut-shaped gland in males that is helpful in producing the seminal fluid that nourishes and transport sperms. There are two types of situations, one – in which cancer cells grow slowly and may confined to the prostate gland where they may not cause serious harm and second –  in which cancer cells also grow slowly like first one but it requires minimal to no treatment but this type is aggressive and spread quickly.


Most of the cases of Prostate Cancer are Adenocarcinomas and these cancer cells develop from the gland. Some other types of prostate cancer are: –

  • Small Cell Carcinomas
  • Neuroendocrine Tumors
  • Transitional Cell Carcinomas
  • Sarcomas

Above-mentioned types of prostate cancer are found very rare because if anyone is told that he has prostate cancer then it is almost adenocarcinomas.

Some of the prostate cancers grow and spread rapidly but most of the prostate cancers grow slowly and they have no effect on human beings. Studies show that many older men, who died because of another disease, had prostate cancer. But neither those people nor their doctors knew during their life time that they had this disease.

Signs and Symptoms

Although there are no signs and symptoms at earlier stage yet it can be detected through screening. But as disease progresses with the time, symptoms start to show such as:

  • Problem while urinating
  • A frequent urge of urinate during night
  • A weak urine stream
  • Bleeding in urine
  • Bleeding in semen
  • Pain in hips, chest, back and other bones
  • Weakness or numbness in feet or legs
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Weight loss without trying


The exact cause of prostate cancer is not clear yet but it is confirmed that when cells in prostate start developing changes in their DNA. As, a cell’s DNA gives instructions that what to do but the changes tell the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells. So, the abnormal cells start growing, dividing rapidly and continue to living whereas other cells would die.

The gathering of abnormal cells forms a tumor that attacks to nearby tissues. Then abnormal cells break and spread to other parts of the body.

Risk Factors

Although there are no definite risk factors but some of the common factors that are helpful in increasing the risk of prostate cancer are mentioned below:

Age: – The risk of occurring prostate cancer is often seen in men older than 50 – 55 years but it is very rare in men younger than 45 years. Some studies show that 5 in 10 cases of prostate cancer are seen in men older than 65 years.

Race or Ethnicity: – It is considered that black people are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer as compared to white people. It is more likely to aggressive or advanced among black people.

Heredity: – Those people are at higher risk whose family members have history of prostate cancer especially in blood relation such as parents, siblings, or child. Along with this, if you have a family history of breast cancer then your risk of prostate cancer may be higher.

Obesity: – Obese people have higher risk of developing prostate cancer as compared to healthy weight people because cancer is more aggressive and more likely to return after initial treatment in these people.


By taking some important steps, you can reduce the risk of prostate cancer such as:

  • Choose a healthy diet: – A healthy diet is a treatment of all kinds of diseases so everyone must eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains because these contain many vitamins and nutrients that can be helpful to keep you healthy and fit.
  • Choose Healthy Food Instead of Supplements: – Up to now, no studies has shown that a particular supplement is helpful in reducing the risk of prostate cancer. But foods that are rich in vitamins and minerals are helpful in maintaining healthy levels of vitamins in your body.
  • Exercise: – From ancient time, exercise is considered as the best treatment for keeping the body fit and healthy. So, you must exercise most days of the week that will help you in maintaining weight and improving mood.
  • Maintain A Healthy Weight: – You must maintain a healthy weight for getting rid of any disease and making your body active and fit. If you need to lose weight then you should add some exercises in your daily routine and reduce calories that you take in a day. You can take your doctor’s help for creating a healthy diet chart for losing weight.


Once you are diagnosed with prostate cancer, you must consult the Cancer Specialist in Chandigarh so that he may check the level of the disease and start treatment accordingly. There are various types of treatments such as Hormone Therapy, Chemotherapy and Vaccines for the prostate cancer. Doctor will decide what type of treatment should be given to you as per your disease.

For getting right treatment for your problem, you must visit at Dr. Ashwani Kumar Sachdeva at Fortis Hospital. He is an experienced and knowledgeable doctor who will guide you at every step. You can directly visit there or make an appointment by calling +91-6260252120